Supplier Code of Conduct
In this document, HMD/our/we refer to HMD global Oy (“HMD”) and all its affiliates. The Code of Conduct is global and covers all HMD global Oy’s legal entities. This code outlines what HMD expects from our suppliers in relation to Human Rights & Labour, Business Ethics, Environmental, Health and Safety and Management practices. HMD will assess its suppliers by their conformance to this code and any violation of it will result in remedial actions. Failure of our supplier to comply with this code or the remedial actions set could result in termination of the business contract.
2 Our Approach
This document has been made to comply with international laws and regulations as well as HMDs values. In addition, we have looked to International Standards including; the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition’s (EICC) Code of Conduct; United Nations Declaration of Human Rights; United Nations’ Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights; International Labor Organisation’s (ILO) Core Conventions; Environmental management standard ISO 14001; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Guidelines for Multinational Enterprise; Occupational health and safety management standard OHSAS18001 and the Social accountability standard SA 8000.
3 Business Ethics
HMD is strongly committed to conducting ourselves in accordance with our commitment to the highest standards of ethical conduct. Our supplier shall operate by the same Ethical standards we set ourselves and comply by the related policies and procedures, and all applicable national and international laws.
3.1 Improper Payments
HMD believe in fairness and honesty; we obtain and retain our business relationships with these principles firmly in mind. Our supplier shall adhere to anti-corruption laws and shall not allow corrupt or inappropriate payments made by, or on behalf of, our supplier to HMD, our employees or customers, government officials or third parties. These payments can occur in many forms and include among other things; bribes, gifts, entertainment, gratuities, favors, donations or facilitation payments. We extend our understanding of improper payments to include any transfer of value that is not consistent with HMD policies, procedures or applicable laws.
3.2 Fair Competition
Our supplier shall adhere to marketplace regulations and anti-trust laws. These laws protect the market from unethical agreements and collaborations among competitors which may affect competition. Our supplier shall uphold these standards of fair business, advertising and competition.
3.3 Privacy and Security
Privacy and security are key considerations in the creation and delivery of HMD’s products and services. Our supplier shall commit to respect privacy and to comply with applicable data protection and privacy laws. Our supplier shall have in place internal policies and guidelines through an appropriate selection of activities, including proactive and reactive risk management, security and privacy engineering, training and assessments.
Our supplier shall take appropriate steps to address online security, physical security, risk of data loss and other such risks; taking into consideration the risk represented by the processing and the nature of the data being protected. Our Supplier shall not transfer personal data without ensuring it is safe, responsible and legal to do so. When confidential data is no longer needed, it shall be destroyed securely.
3.4 Intellectual Property and Confidential Information
It is essential that Intellectual property rights are followed and respected. Whenever our supplier has a need to transfer technology and know-how they shall do so in a manner that protects intellectual property rights and any information regarding HMD or our affiliates should be safeguarded. In addition, our supplier shall have in place an ‘Incident Response Procedure’ (IRP) to manage breaches of confidential information.
3.5 Dealing with Officials
We prohibit the use of “facilitating payments” which refers to small payments, usually made in cash, which are typically provided to a government official to speed up or guarantee a routine action that the official is already obligated to perform.
Our supplier shall ensure that they disclose requested information related to aspects of this code, including; Human Rights & Labour, Business Ethics, Environmental, Health and Safety and Management as well as general practices such as business activities, financial situation/performance and company structure. Such disclosures of information shall comply with applicable laws and regulations wherever they operate and our supplier shall not condone the falsification of records, misrepresentation of conditions, or practices throughout the supply chain.
3.7 Responsible Sourcing of Minerals
Suppliers or partners who manufacture any aspect of our products (including components and parts) containing tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold, shall have a detailed policy or procedure in place to ensure that the products manufactured, do not directly or indirectly finance or benefit armed groups, that are perpetrators of serious human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or an adjoining country.
These same suppliers shall maintain a Conflict Mineral Policy outlining their legal compliance, measures for implementation and commitment to responsible sourcing. This includes due diligence on the source and chain of custody of all related minerals. These documents shall be kept and made available for HMD to view upon request for a period of 5 years.
3.8 Confidential Reporting and Non-Retaliation
Our Supplier shall maintain programs that ensure their employees and suppliers have access to confidential and anonymous reporting channels, as well as protection in place for acts of whistleblowing. Our supplier shall have in place a clear, visible and communicated process for anyone working at their facility to be able to raise concerns without fear of retaliation.
4 Labour & Human Rights
At HMD we believe that everyone in our supply chain deserves respect, fair treatment and equal rights. Our suppliers create jobs all over the world and we expect them to commit to making those jobs have a positive impact on their lives. This is true for all workers from direct to indirect, permanent and temporary workers as well as students and migrant workers or any other type of worker. We refer to all types of workers as simply “employees” or “workers” in this document.
4.1 Fair and Freely Chosen Employment
Work shall always be a voluntary act. Our supplier shall comply with this statement and be committed to ensuring that no form of slavery or trafficking of persons are used in any aspect of their business. This includes involuntary prison labour, forced, bonded, debt bonded or indentured persons.
Our supplier shall ensure that every employee has a contract that covers the terms and conditions of their employment agreement that is signed by both the employee and the supplier. The terms and conditions should contain all relevant aspects including but not limited to; working hours and guaranteed wage, overtime rates of pay and compensation, payment and frequency of payment and their notice period. In addition, the contract should be written in the native language of the employee, to ensure they fully understand the terms. In the case of migrant workers this contract should be available to them prior to leaving their country of origin.
Our supplier shall ensure that all employees receive basic induction training and have all the training, equipment and experience to conduct their work duties safety. The employee shall be free to leave their work at any time and their movement should never have their movement unreasonably restricted either within their workplace or when entering or exiting the facility. No employee in our supplier’s facilities, either of the company, or through an agency or any other external employment agreement, should be required to submit possession of their personal documents to anyone. This includes passports, identity and immigration documents or work permits. These personal documents are owned by the individual and should never be held, concealed, destroyed or confiscated. The only reason for any documents being held is if it is required by law.
No employee shall be required to make any payment to either the employer or an agent in order to secure their employment, training or as a form of punishment of any kind or any other fees related to their employment. Our supplier shall ensure that if they uncover any such fees being paid then the money shall be returned to the employee promptly.
Our supplier shall ensure that adequate policies and procedures are in place to protect workers and potential workers against any form of discrimination, harassment, harsh or inhumane treatment or any other unlawful discrimination or treatment, including disciplinary policies and procedures. No worker should be subjected to sexual abuse or harassment, physical, mental or verbal abuse or harassment, corporal punishment or any threats regarding treatment of this kind.
Our supplier shall ensure that they employ, retain and promote possible candidates based on their qualifications, skills and competences only; they shall not consider a person’s race, sex, religion, marital status, pregnancy, nationality, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, expression and any other characteristic covered by law. Our supplier shall provide workers with adequate facilities for religious practice. Under no circumstances should employees or potential employees be subjected to medical, physical or pregnancy examination or testing that could be used in a discriminatory way.
4.2 Young Workers Protection
No one under the age of completing compulsory education or under the local legal age of employment or under 15 years of age (whichever is the greatest) shall be employed by, or on behalf of our supplier.
Young workers (under the age of 18) need to be protected and our supplier shall not require them to perform tasks that could risk their health & safety. In addition, young workers should not work overtime or night shifts. Student workers shall be provided with training and support and our supplier shall ensure that they maintain student records and conduct thorough due diligence of educational partners protecting the rights of the student in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Young workers including; students, interns and apprentices should be paid at least the same rate of pay as other employees that perform equal or similar tasks.
4.3 Working Hours and Wages
Our supplier shall ensure that working weeks do not exceed the restrictions placed on them by local law. No worker shall work in excess of 60 hours per week including overtime and they must have at least one day off per six days worked. Workers shall also be entitled to at least two weeks of paid leave per year. In addition, overtime shall be limited to comply with local law or to a maximum of 12 hours per week. Overtime shall always be paid at a premium rate and be taken as a choice by the employee. Overtime should be used in unusual or emergency situations and not a regular request of workers.
Workers shall be compensated in accordance with local laws in relation to minimum wage rates and legally mandated benefits. Workers shall be provided with wage statement in a timely manner, that makes clear indication of the hours worked, so that they can verify their wage is correct, for the hours they worked. The document should be understandable to the worker in their native language if required. Temporary workers of any kind as well as outsourced workers shall be used within the restrictions of local law.
4.4 Communication, Collective Bargaining and Freedom of Association
Workers shall be provided with access to information that is relevant to them, their employment and their work. They shall be made aware of changes as they happen in order to conduct their work to the best of their ability. Our supplier shall have in place the means to measure worker satisfaction and strive to improve this metric where possible. Workers shall be able to discuss openly their opinions, ideas and concerns without the fear of retaliation of any kind.
Our supplier shall respect the rights of all workers to form and join trade unions of their choosing in conformance with local law. Collective bargaining is an important right of employees and they should be allowed to engage in peaceful assembly. In addition, worker shall be free to refrain for any such activity.
The rights of whistle-blowers shall be protected and confidential channels shall be offered for the reporting of unfair conditions of any kind.
4.5 Modern Slavery
Modern Slavery is an umbrella term that includes; slavery, human trafficking, forced or compulsory labour and servitude. Modern slavery as a term refers to a situation where a person is coerced, deceived, taken unwillingly and/or indebted into a position where they feel trapped, held, compelled or forced to work.
Our supplier shall ensure that anyone working for them or on their behalf is free to choose who they work for, when they work and where they work. Our supplier shall not trap, compel or force another person to work. In addition, they shall have in place a system by which they can monitor anyone contracted to work on their behalf by these same standards. Our supplier shall implement and maintain as part of their due diligence a system to uncover any abuses that may occur and to make this data available to HMD.
We expect our suppliers and their employees to respect human rights and to report any suspected violation of the UK Modern Slavery Act to us through our legal team to HMD Ethics channel called Speak Up.
4.6 Non-Disclosure Agreements
Our supplier shall ensure that any workers that are in contact with confidential information regarding HMD, its subsidiaries or the Nokia brand have signed a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA). It is important that the employee is made fully aware of the meaning of this document and the extent of agreement being made.
5 Environmental Protection
HMD are committed to environmental protection and we manage our activities and our supplychain closely to ensure we not only meet the relevant legislation and international standards but wherever we can we strive for higher. We expect our suppliers to be committed to preventing and reducing the impacts of our business through open and ethical management practices.
5.1 Environmental Management System (EMS)
Our supplier shall have in place an Environmental Management System (EMS) that effectively plans, operates and controls significant environmental aspects of their operations and the electronics industry. They shall ensure at all times these measures at least comply with legal and legislative requirements.
We are committed to ensure our suppliers are sharing our values regarding environmental protection. Our suppliers are required to have an EMS in place that is capable of planning, operating and controlling environmental aspects. Our suppliers shall ensure that they periodically review their environmental legislation, applicable regulations and customer requirements and shall supply evidence of their compliance as requested. Additionally, our suppliers shall conduct and/or cooperate with internal and external environmental risk audits. Our supplier shall implement improvement targets and programs, necessary employee training and communication, internal audits and management reviews.
We require our manufacturing partners to be certified as compliant with ISO14001 or the EcoManagement and Audit Scheme (EMAS).
5.2 Improving Environmental Performance
Our suppliers shall have in place continuous improvement projects aimed at identifying, measuring, controlling and improving their environmental performance. Environmental performance includes all significant environmental aspects related to their activity including; energy usage, water access, usage and conservation, waste and defect creation, reducing the materials per product which in turn reduces the effects on mining and biodiversity, reducing the use of hazardous materials and chemicals, improving the processes in place that manage risks and ensuring the cleanest possible treatment and control of waste generation.
Resource usage and waste creation of all kinds need to be reduced wherever possible either at source or through modifying processes or substituting materials. We expect our suppliers to look towards the “EU Waste Hierarchy” model and where possible they should aim to Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Reclaim in that order of priority whenever and wherever possible.
5.3 Energy Efficiency & Green House Gas (GHG) Emissions
Our supplier shall be committed to reducing their carbon footprint and shall measure, and report on their energy consumption and GHG emissions. This requires them to identify the sources of their emission both internally and externally and for them to define clearly the scope of their reporting.
Our supplier shall look to monitor the data they assemble and highlight areas for cost effective improvements to minimise GHG emissions within their control.
5.4 Air Emissions
We require any emissions to the air created by the operations of our suppliers be characterised, monitored, controlled and treated prior to discharge. These emissions include aerosols and other ozone depleting chemicals, volatile organic chemicals, corrosives, particulates, and combustion by-products. In addition, our suppliers shall continuously improve the performance of their air emission control systems through a routine identification and monitoring processes.
5.5 Water Use Reduction
As part of their EMS our suppliers shall identify and measure their water consumption and investigate ways in which they can reduce it.
5.6 Storm Water Management
As part of their EMS we require our suppliers to take a systematic approach to the way they routinely manage, monitor and report their storm water management. Our suppliers shall minimise the risks of discharges or spills and they shall have robust systems in place to protect against pollutants from entering public drainage and ensure they comply with the law.
5.7 Waste & Wastewater Management
As part of their EMS we require our suppliers to implement a comprehensive system that characterises, monitors, controls and treats waste and wastewater created by their operations and products. We also expect our suppliers to work towards reducing their waste creation and in turn increase the volume of recycled waste. This process must adhere to legal requirements and environmental best practice approaches before any discharge or disposal.
As part of their EMS we also require our suppliers to comply fully with wastewater and solid waste management obligations. They must always maintain a systematic approach to wastewater and solid waste management. This includes having all the required permits and approvals in place (for instance, to store hazardous waste).
5.8 Design for Environment
Our suppliers shall include environmental consideration for all areas of product development. This also include adhering to our substance list and minimising or removing negative environmental impacts whenever it is possible to do so, this includes any hazardous constituents. These improvements can increase the efficiency of our products, reduce the use of materials and enable greater recycling capabilities.
5.9 Substance List
Our suppliers shall follow our Substance List and work closely with us and their suppliers to reduce or ban these materials and chemicals as stated in our Substance List.
5.10 Hazardous Substances
Chemicals and other materials that pose the risk of hazards to the environment require special care and attention. At all times their use should be restricted as much as possible and they should be clearly identified and managed. Their use, handling, storage, movement, recycling, reuse or disposal should be done in a controlled way that poses the least risk to the environment.
6 Health & Safety
As part of their management systems our suppliers shall include aspects related to reducing the risk of work-related injury and illness. This is required to produce working environments that are conducive of productive, safe and healthy work. This requires communication and training as well as processes, rules, regulations and documentation.
6.1 Health & Safety Management System
Our supplier shall have in place an occupational health & safety management system that complies with the OHSAS 18001 or similar internationally recognised standards. The system must be cover aspects such as the planning, operation and control of risks and hazards related to health & safety including; training and communication/feedback sessions for employees, periodic auditing and assigned improvement programs and targets.
As part of this system our supplier shall have a standard procedure in place to access and control the risks of accidents and injuries as well as occupational diseases in a proactive and preventative manner. Additionally, an appointed senior manager shall be responsible for periodically ensuring the system is functioning and is suitable.
6.2 Health & Safety Training and Communication
Our supplier shall ensure that those responsible for ensuring the health and safety of workers are sufficiently trained and knowledgeable as well as given adequate time and resources to perform their tasks. All employees shall be trained on the health and safety aspects that are appropriate for their role in their native language. Health and Safety signage and communications shall be clearly present in and around the facility.
6.3 Occupational Health & Safety
Our supplier shall have measures in place to safeguard against preventable accidents and emergencies. Nominated employees that are responsible for Occupational Health and Safety shall be trained and workers shall be encouraged to raise safety concerns. Employees shall be protected against exposure to potential hazards such as; slip, trips or fall hazards, vehicles, fire or from electrical/energy sources through adequate procedures that identify, minimise and prevent hazards. These procedures include, an ongoing safety training program and safety instructions, preventable maintenance and safe work practices, clear signage, machine maintenance and safeguarding, chemical controls, personal protective equipment and clothing, hearing protection and excessive noise reduction. Additional care shall be taken with employees under 18 year of age (young workers). Supplier shall take responsibility for its employees when they carry out work off premises.
6.4 Emergency Preparations
Emergency procedures shall be in place to identify potential emergency situations and events. Our supplier shall have emergency plans, evacuation procedures, employee training and drills, appropriate fire detection, sufficient extinguishers, adequate exit facilities and recovery plans in place in case any emergency should arise. Our supplier shall have a pro-active approach to emergency risk and ensure that wherever possible risks to life, the environment and property are minimised.
6.5 Occupational Injury and Illness
Our Supplier shall, as part of their Health and Safety Management system have procedures to mitigate and manage injuries and illnesses sustained by their employees. This requires prevention, management, tracking and reporting on occupational injury and illness. Employees shall be provided with a means to report discomfort, illness and/or injuries sustained. All suspected and actual injuries and illnesses reported by employees shall be classified and recorded and employees shall be provided with treatment or equipment to aid with their recovery and prevent future problems. In addition, investigations shall be made and corrective actions taken to eliminate their causes to ensure that workers can return safely to work.
6.6 Industrial Hygiene
Our supplier shall have in place engineering and administrative measures to identify, monitor, control and limit worker’s exposure to chemical, biological and physical agents to prevent overexposures. Adequate personal protective equipment shall be supplied to workers at risk.
6.7 Physically Demanding Work
Our supplier shall have processes to identify, evaluate and control hazards of physically demanding work. Employees shall be protected and train on aspects such as manual handling, repetitive tasks (i.e. in assembly), heavy lifting and prolonged periods of standing or sitting. When such hazards are found, our supplier shall monitor, aim to control and minimise their risks.
6.8 Equipment Safeguarding
Our supplier shall have adequate management systems in place to cover aspects where employees are operating with dangerous or hazardous substances or with equipment, production machines or other machinery. In all of these cases our supplier shall ensure that workers are provided with the correct protective equipment and the equipment/machinery should be fitted with properly maintained guards, interlocks and barriers to ensure our employees safety.
6.9 Clean and Safe Buildings and Facilities
Our supplier shall provide workers with safe and clean buildings and facilities. This includes workers having access to clean drinking water, adequate and clean toilet facilities, sanitary food preparation and storage areas as well as safe and clean eating facilities.
In those facilities that require workers to live on site their dormitories shall be provided for by the supplier or their labour agent. Dormitories shall be well maintained to ensure safety with reasonable personal space. They shall have access to lockable storage for worker’s private belongings. They shall be clean with appropriate emergency exits and signage, access to clean drinking water, hot water for bathing/washing and adequate heating and ventilation. Workers shall have reasonable privileges to enter and leave their accommodation and these facilities shall comply with legal safety standards and regulations.
Our supplier shall have a Code of Conduct in place, to showcase their values and commitment to; ethical; environmental; human rights; labour and health and safety topics related to their business operations. Procedures and physical controls that are put in place shall be in relative and adequate for the associated risk and in accordance with our supplier’s Code of Conduct. This document will have a continuous improvement methodology and be based on Internationally recognised standards and management systems as well as comply with all relevant laws and regulations. A copy of the Code of Conduct shall be visible in the facility; written in the local language. In addition, we expect our supplier to have a process for setting requirements in their Code of Conduct on to their suppliers and monitoring their compliance. Our supplier’s management shall ensure that the messages contained their Code of Conduct is transferred throughout their business and relevant employees are trained on its contents and related procedures, risks and policies. In addition, we expect our supplier to be able to show supporting documentation and/or evidence that such actions are taking place and training should be recorded as and when it is completed. Training shall be in accordance applicable laws and regulations.
7.1 Management Systems
Our supplier shall identify the senior executive and company representatives responsible for ensuring the management systems and associated programs are in place. Additionally, senior management will review the systems periodically with the focus on ensuring they are adequate.
7.2 Environmental and Social Objectives
Our supplier shall set performance objectives set to realistic timeframes with implementation plans. These objectives shall look to improve on their environmental and social performance and shall be available in written form if required. The objectives shall also have clear processes in place for reviewing the progress and amending expectations as appropriate.
7.3 Audits, Assessments and Corrective Actions
Our supplier shall conduct self-evaluations periodically and allow for external auditors to conduct similar audits of their facilities to ensure that they conform to legal and regulatory requirements. In cases where the contents of this code are more detailed and/or stricter than local laws and regulations audits shall check to ensure that they comply with the content of this Code of Conduct and our contractual requirements on ethical, environmental and societal responsibility.
Our supplier shall ensure that required corrective actions are taken in a timely manner and these activities are monitored and reported following the correct procedure, ensuring regulatory compliance whilst protecting privacy.
7.4 Communication and Worker Participation and Feedback
Our supplier shall make clearly available their policies and procedures as well as clearly defined expectations and practices they expect their workers to follow. Workers shall receive adequate training to mean these requirements and be given the right to participate in and give feedback on practices and conditions covered. This shall be an ongoing progress of continuous feedback and improvement measure.
7.5 Documentation and Records
Our Supplier shall create and maintain relevant documentation to assure their compliance and conformity on all the matters discussed in this Supplier Code of Conduct. This documentation shall be made available to HMD or external auditors working on behalf of ourselves or our customers. Appropriate measure shall be taken to protect privacy rights.
8 Supplier Management & Purchasing
Our supplier shall have adequate measures in place to set requirements and manage the compliance of their suppliers. The term supplier used in this section includes any company/person who, from HMD’s perspective, would be considered a sub-supplier such as vendors, subcontractors, service providers, partners, etc.
Our supplier’s supplier base strategy and supplier base management systems must ensure subsuppliers conform with HMD’s supplier requirements (including labour and environmental aspects) as well as all applicable laws and regulations. Our supplier shall take these conformance aspects into consideration when choosing their suppliers and they shall have a structure by which they identify, evaluate and select suppliers.
Purchase and Service agreements shall be used with all suppliers and shall include valid NonDisclosure Agreements (NDAs). These NDAs shall align and conform to the NDAs in place between HMD and the supplier.
Our supplier shall set environmental, labour (including health and safety, human rights and ethics) and management requirements on our sub-suppliers. This also includes aspects such as waste handling and recycling. In addition, sub-suppliers who are responsible for waste disposal shall be appropriately authorised and licenced to carry out these tasks and our supplier shall ensure this compliance.